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Indonesia prepares for transition to Covid-19 endemic

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Jakarta, Sep 13: After breathing a sigh of relief from the second wave of Covid-19 transmission, Indonesia is now preparing for the transition from pandemic to endemic.

Indonesian President Joko Widodo while monitoring Covid-19 vaccination at a school in the Yogyakarta province on Friday had said that Covid-19 would not go away anytime shortly, reported Xinhua news agency.

“We must prepare for that transition and learn to live together with Covid-19,” Widodo had said.

In late June to early August, the Southeast Asian country faced a spike in Covid-19 transmissions triggered by the more contagious Delta variant.

The Covid-19 Task Force recorded that the biggest number of daily cases of 56,757 was recorded on July 15 and the highest death toll of 2,068 happened on July 27.

But the downward trend in daily new cases and death started to appear since mid-August.

On September 12, the newly-confirmed daily cases were recorded at 3,779, with 188 deaths.

The government has begun to relax the public mobility restrictions, locally known as PPKM, and economic activities such as shopping centers and offices have resumed operations with limited capacity and operating hours to prevent further transmission.

During the transition from pandemic to endemic, people could return to their activities according to the PPKM level in their respective regions, Health Minister Budi Gunadi Sadikin said on Friday.

“People have to be disciplined by complying with health protocols and getting vaccinated. We encourage testing, tracing and treatment, including centralized isolation, so that the new cases could be identified quickly,” he said.

The government has carried out pilot projects to popularize the use of a test-and-trace application, called PeduliLindungi, which records people’s whereabouts and vaccination status.

Dicky Budiman, an epidemiologist of Griffith University, told Xinhua recently that a transition could be made if a country has managed to control the pandemic, provided that the positivity rate has consistently stayed at less than 1 per cent and the vaccination has covered more than 80 per cent of the targeted population.

“Indonesia is still at risk and prone to an increase in cases. It also has the potential to face a third wave with the threat of new variants and vaccination coverage of less than 50 per cent,” said Budiman.

Therefore, President Widodo asked people not to be complacent about the decline in cases.

“We all have to be aware that Covid-19 is always stalking us, so health protocols must be followed continuously,” he said.

To date, at least 41.73 million people in Indonesia have received two doses of the Covid-19 vaccine and 72.76 million have taken their first shot.

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COVID-19 containment may derail if protocol is not followed, says Mansukh Mandaviya

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New Delhi: With the festive season approaching fast, COVID-19 containment can derail if they are not celebrated following protocols set by the Government.

Union Health Minister Mansukh Mandaviya has warned people on October 0, 2021 and exhorted 19 states to escalate their inoculation pace so that India can achieve administering 100 crore vaccine doses in the next few days. India has so far administered over 94 crore Covid vaccine doses.

Reviewing the progress of vaccination with principal secretaries and mission directors of the National Health Mission from all major states, the health minister underlined that administering 100 crore doses of COVID vaccine is the immediate milestone.

Mandaviya noted that if festivals, synonymous with auspiciousness, joy and large gatherings, are not observed as per COVID-19 guidelines, containment of COVID-19 can get derailed. “The two-pronged solution is to follow COVID-19 protocols very strictly and to speed up vaccination,” the minister said.

The minister cited results of experiments that pegged the number of first dose recipients not developing severe COVID-19 to be 96 per cent and further pointed out that the number increases to nearly 98 per cent for people who have taken both doses of the vaccine. Officials of Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal took part in the meeting.

Observing that over eight crore balance vaccine doses are physically available with states, Mandaviya enquired about specific hurdles, if any, faced by them in increasing their pace of vaccination and vaccine coverage among the target population.

Many states are nearing saturation of coverage in urban areas and are catering to the floating population in the city. Labour and time-intensive door-to-door vaccination is being undertaken in some geographically aloof pockets where first dose coverage is nearing saturation.

Uttar Pradesh state that comparatively limited supply of Covaxin and its shorter span between the doses as a rate inhibiting factor.

“In consultation with the states, the minister exhorted each state to increase their target so that the administration of the last six crore doses for reaching the mark of 100 crore is achieved in the next few days,” the health ministry stated.

Union Health Secretary Rajesh Bhushan urged all the state health administrators to be strict with observance of COVID-appropriate behaviour during festivities to prevent a COVID-19 outbreak. He underlined the need to adhere to a detailed standard operating procedure issued through a ministry’s letter on September 21. It included no mass-gatherings in containment zones and in districts with over 5 per cent case positivity.

Gatherings with advance permissions and limited people to be allowed in districts with a positivity rate of 5 per cent and below. Relaxations and restrictions to be imposed based on weekly case positivity.

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WHO set to vaccinate 40% population of every nation by yr end

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Geneva, Oct 8: The World Health Organization (WHO) announced an initiative to vaccinate 40 per cent of the population of every country against Covid-19 by the end of 2021 and 70 per cent by mid-2022, by prioritising vaccine delivery to low-income countries, particularly those in Africa.

“Today, the WHO is launching the Strategy to Achieve Global Covid-19 Vaccination by mid-2022,” Xinhua news agency quoted WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus as saying at a press briefing here on Thursday.

“The strategy outlines the road we must all take together to achieve our targets of vaccinating 40 per cent of the population of every country by the end of this year, and 70 percent by the middle of next year.”

According to Tedros, achieving these targets will require at least 11 billion vaccine doses, which is an allocation problem instead of a supply problem.

“With global vaccine production now at nearly 1.5 billion doses per month, there is enough supply to achieve our targets, provided they are distributed equitably,” he said.

According to the WHO’s records, more than 6.4 billion vaccine doses have now been administered globally, and almost one-third of the world’s population is fully vaccinated against the virus.

However, low-income countries have received less than half of one percent of the world’s vaccines.

In Africa, less than 5 per cent of people are fully vaccinated.

Earlier this year, the WHO had set a target for all countries to vaccinate 10 per cent of their populations by the end of September, but 56 countries didn’t make it.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who joined the WHO chief at the initiatve’s launch, said: “Vaccine inequality is the best ally of the Covid-19 pandemic.

“But through dose sharing, swaps, technology transfers and other priority actions, it is possible to reduce deaths and minimize suffering, prevent health systems from being overwhelmed, resume social and economic activities, and reduce the risk of dangerous new variants.”

The UN chief also renewed his appeal to the G20 nations for help, adding that “their meeting later this month will be an opportunity to deliver”.

“I urge all global stakeholders to step up, mobilize their resources and turn this strategy into a reality,” he said.

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Global Covid-19 caseload tops 236.7 mn

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Washington, Oct 8: The global coronavirus caseload has topped 236.7 million, while the deaths have surged to more than 4.83 million and vaccinations soared to over 6.39 billion, according to the Johns Hopkins University.

In its latest update on Friday morning, the University’s Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) revealed that the current global caseload, death toll and the total number number of vaccine doses administered stood at 236,730,066, 4,833,592 and 6,394,485,945, respectively.

The US continues to be the worst-hit country with the world’s highest number of cases and deaths at 44,158,348 and 710,173, according to the CSSE.

In terms of infections, India follows in the second place with 33,894,312 cases.

The other worst countries with over 3 million cases are Brazil (21,532,558), the UK (8,084,275), Russia (7,575,825), Turkey (7,357,306), France (7,142,387), Iran (5,674,083), Argentina (5,264,305), Spain (4,971,310), Colombia (4,967,524), Italy (4,692,274), Germany (4,295,876), Indonesia (4,224,487) and Mexico (3,699,621), the CSSE figures showed.

Nations with a death toll of over 100,000 are Brazil (599,810), India (449,856), Mexico (280,610), Russia (209,752), Peru (199,581), Indonesia (142,494), the UK (137,818), Italy (131,198), Colombia (126,517), Iran (122,012), France (117,845) and Argentina (115,416).

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